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A preliminary study of domestic violence in a rural community in Central province, Sri Lanka

Authors:

A. N. Vadysinghe ,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About A. N.
Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine
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R. M. I. S. D. Rathnayake,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About R. M. I. S. D.
Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine
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B. G. Premaratne,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About B. G.
Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine
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W. M. M. H. P. Wickramasinghe

University of Peradeniya, LK
About W. M. M. H. P.
Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine
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Abstract

Introduction

Domestic violence (DV) is a health, legal, economic, educational, and importantly a human rights issue. A fair question arises whether DV is given enough attention in the local context. It should be appreciated with the risk factors contributing to it in the society and effect it has on the society as a whole.

 

Objectives

Identify the demographic factors, awareness and understanding on domestic violence.

 

Methods

The study was conducted as a randomized cohort study, using a self-administered questionnaire, and analysis was done using the SPSS 22.0.

 

Results

98 participated. Majority were females. 88% were employed and 80% had completed GCE O/L. Sixty four percent stated they had faced some form of DV. 75.6%, 50%, 56% respectively agreed that sexual, verbal & psychological abuses are included in DV. Only 32% agreed that economical harm is included. 47.6% believed physical injuries are essential to file a law suit. 42.1% was not aware that the ex-spouse /partner can be a perpetrator and 37.5% stated only the spouse can be the perpetrator. 93.3% was aware that there are specific laws with regard to DV.

Alcoholism was identified as a major cause for DV by 74% and they believed that the perpetrators are usually aggressive people

(53.8%), and DV is an expected normal phenomenon in family (34.2%).

 

Conclusion and recommendation

Sixty four percent had faced some form of DV, 68% was unaware that economical harm is included and 47.6% believed physical injuries are essential to file a law suit, indicating below average Knowledge of DV and related law. Thus further studies and awareness programmes are recommended.
How to Cite: Vadysinghe, A.N. et al., (2017). A preliminary study of domestic violence in a rural community in Central province, Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka Journal of Forensic Medicine, Science & Law. 7(1), pp.13–18. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljfmsl.v7i1.7770
Published on 02 Feb 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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